Avicenna (Persian: ابن سینا), Abu Ali Sina (Persian: ابوعلی سینا) or "Ibn Sina" as Easterns call him (980 – June 1037) was a Persian polymath (Hezarfen / a person with extensive knowledge in many different disciplines). He is considered one of the most significant doctors, astronomers, thinkers, writers, and scholars of the Golden Age of Islam period, and a physician known as the father of polymeric (Multiple fields) early medicine.
Aryabhata (Devanagari/Indian and Nepalese alphabet: आर्यभट) (476 – 550 AD) was an Indian scientist from the classical Indian traditions of mathematics and astronomy. He is the father of the Indo-Arabic numeral system, which is universally used today. His well-known works are "Aryabhatiya" and "Arya-siddhanta". It was inspired by the name of the first Indian unmanned satellite launched.
Aristotle is an Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist. He is a respectable figure in the history of philosophy and has worked in many fields. According to him, natural philosophy is the most important for philosophers. In addition to natural sciences such as physics, chemistry, biology, zoology (Animal science), botany (Plant science), psychology, political science, ethics; logic, metaphysics; history, literary knowledge, and rhetoric, he was interested in social fields such as.
Thales of Miletus (624-620 BC/548-545 BC) was an Ancient Greek philosopher and one of the Seven Sages of Greece. He is known for his belief that everything has a basic principle and his contributions to mathematics and astronomy, claiming that the Earth is a flat disk floating in a vast sea.
Anaximander from Miletus is both a natural philosopher and a nature researcher. He has made breakthroughs in both areas. He is the first person to lead science and study the universe with a different eye. Furthermore, he is considered by many scientists and historians as the “Founder of astronomy” and is the philosopher who first developed a systematic philosophical view of cosmology and the world. He was the first to introduce the term “Arkhe” to philosophy.
Liu Hui (Chinese: 劉徽; pinyin: Liú Huī; 225-295 AD) was a Chinese mathematician who lived during the Wei Dynasty. His contributions, especially the narrative he wrote called "Nine Chapters on the Art of Mathematics" include a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem, theorems of solid geometry, an improvement on Archimedes' π approach, and a systematic method for deciphering linear equations in several unknowns.
Pythagoras of Samos is a mathematician, naturalist, and philosopher who lived in Antiquity. Pythagoras, the owner of geometric and mathematical inventions, also founded the Pythagorean philosophical school. In addition, he was the first scientist who managed to formulate sounds.
Claudius Ptolemy (Greek: Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαίος, Klaudios Ptolemy) was a Greek mathematician, geographer, astronomer, and music theorist from Alexandria. He wrote about a dozen scientific treatises, three of which became crucial for Byzantine, Islamic, and Western European science. It is estimated that he lived 100-170 AD.