APA 7: ChatGPT. (2023, September 8). What is thyroid hormone, what does it do, what are the symptoms of deficiency? PerEXP Teamworks. [Article Link]
What are thyroid hormones?
Thyroid hormones are a group of essential chemical messengers produced by the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped organ located in the neck. The two primary thyroid hormones are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones contain iodine atoms and play a pivotal role in regulating various metabolic processes in the body.
What do thyroid hormones do?
Thyroid hormones have a wide-ranging impact on the body’s functions:
- Metabolism regulation: They control the rate at which the body converts food into energy, affecting overall metabolism.
- Body temperature: Thyroid hormones help maintain stable body temperature by influencing heat production and dissipation.
- Heart rate: They impact heart rate and cardiac output, ensuring efficient blood circulation.
- Brain development: Thyroid hormones are crucial for proper brain development during infancy and childhood.
- Digestive function: They influence digestive processes, including nutrient absorption and gut motility.
- Muscle function: Thyroid hormones help maintain muscle strength and coordination.
- Bone health: They support bone growth and maintenance.
Symptoms of thyroid hormone deficiency
When the thyroid gland fails to produce an adequate amount of hormones, it can result in a condition called hypothyroidism. Symptoms of thyroid hormone deficiency (hypothyroidism) may include:
- Fatigue: Feeling unusually tired and lacking energy.
- Weight gain: Unexplained weight gain or difficulty losing weight.
- Cold sensitivity: Increased sensitivity to cold temperatures.
- Dry skin and hair: Skin and hair becoming dry and brittle.
- Depression: Experiencing mood changes, including depression and irritability.
- Constipation: Sluggish bowel movements and constipation.
- Muscle weakness: Muscle weakness and joint pain.
- Menstrual irregularities: Irregular menstrual cycles in women.
- Memory problems: Difficulty with concentration and memory.
- Swelling: Swelling, especially in the face and extremities (Edema).
Thyroid hormone deficiency can lead to a condition known as hypothyroidism, which is typically managed through hormone replacement therapy to restore normal thyroid function. Regular monitoring and treatment can help individuals with hypothyroidism lead healthy, symptom-free lives.
- WEBSITE Cleveland Clinic Medical. (n.d.). Thyroid hormone. Cleveland Clinic. [Cleveland Clinic]
- BOOK Lingvay, I., & Holt, S. E. (2011). The thyroid. Oxford University Press eBooks.